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Buildings and nature conservation

Typical buildings like lower-saxony aisled houses, sheep pens and beekeeping huts are an indispensible part of the cultural landscape of Lüneburg Heath. The VNP is dedicated to maintain and preserve these buildings.

Sheep pens and houses of the shepherds

Between 1956 and 1974 large parts of todays 32 sheep pens of the VNP were built. They were needed for the growing number of VNP owned Heidschnucken flocks. In peak times 14 sheep flocks grazed on the area of the Nature Reserve.

In 2003 a modern and economic sheep pen was built in Tütsberg. In 2004 a second modern sheep pen was constructed for the new flock in Grasengrund closed to Deimern.

The shepherds of each Heidschnucken flock live in "their" shepherd's house or flat close by.


11 storage houses with a stair aside belong to the building stock of VNP. All storage houses are protected heritage. The storage houses were all relocated to todays locations in Wilsede, Tütsberg, Wulfsberg and Wehlen. They replace the original sheds on the farm yards which went rack and ruin within last centuries.
They were used for different storage purposes,  among others for cereals and buckwheat, linen and flax, honey, meat and bacon, as well as togs and attire. Du to at least two rooms in one storage house they were used for different purposes at one time.

Bee huts

"Bienenzäune“ (Bee huts)are the smalles buildings of VNP and they belong to the cultural landscape of Lüneburg Heath giving beekeepers the possibility to position their bee colonies ideally. Most of the close to 80 bee huts belonging to VNP are thatched.

Protection of species at buildings

A lot of species have adapted to the human habits of living and found their niche there. The VNP takes the responsibility to protect among others bats, barn owls, barn swallows and house martins. The large number of VNP-owned buildings gives a number of options to support endangered species.

Barn swallow and house martin

The easiest differentiation of barn swallows and house martins is the type of nest construction. House martins like to build their nests on vertical walls with a natural or artifical overhang. They brick in a closed half-sphere out of wet lumps of soil and loam.
House swallows construct their open saucer-type nests out of loam lumps, dung and straw. They like to nest within buildings like barns and stables.

It is easy to support these birds with keeping puddles and clay areas wet.

The birds are with us from April till beginning of October and migrate to the area south of the Sahara to South Africa.


TheVNP runs two wood chip stoves, one in Wilsede and one in Tütsberg. On top of the roofs of the sheep pen Grasengrund, the Heide-ErlebnisZentrum and the barn of the farm Tütsberg photovoltaic solar power systems are mounted.

District heating network in Wilsede

The excisting district heating system of Wilsede was extended by 598 m in 2014. The Hillmershof, the Franz-House, the Sass-House and the "Alte Schule" were connected to the  wood chips stove. All houses belonging to the VNP foundation in Wilsede are heated now 100% by renewable energies.

Solar power system on top of the machine hall Tütsberg

Due to the north-south alignment and the roof slope of 30° the southern roof of the machine hall is close to perfect to mount a solar system. The installed output of the system is 81 KWp. A switch-over within the current distribution board makes it possible to use the internal consumption for all building in Tütsberg. The system was mounted in 2014.

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